Drugs Influencing the Respiratory System

Medications and Respiratory System

  1. Corticosteroids

    These drugs produce an anti-inflammatory effect. Used to reduce mucous secretions, swelling and inflammation. Used in conjunction with bronchodilators to open airways in conditions such as asthma and COPD.

    Examples: Flovent, Solumedrol, Azmacort, Decadron

    Side Effects: Masks infections, hyperglycemia, slow wound healing.

  2. Beta Agonists

    These are drugs having an affinity for the Beta 2 receptors sites. These sites are found primarily in bronchial and vascular smooth muscles producing bronchial relaxation and arterial dilation to skeletal muscles.

    Used to relieve bronchoconstriction, for short term treatment of acute exacerbations, and long term treatment to control symptoms. Used for nocturnal symptoms.

    Examples: Alupent, Serevent, Proventil

    Side Effects: Tachycardia, headache, angina, muscle tremors