Tag Archives: compliance

Documentation Made Easy

Charting

The Basics

Right Chart: Check that you have the correct chart before writing.

Penmanship: All your documentation is to be legible so anyone can read it. If you have poor penmanship, begin to print. Your printing will make it easier to read your notes. Now that your nursing notes are legible, let’s talk about the basics. Use permanent black ink pen. Other colors do not copy well.

Date and Time: Date and time every entry. The date should include the year; the time should indicate am or pm or be in military time. Don’t chart in blocks of time such as 0700 to 1500. This makes it hard to determine when specific events occurred.

Client’s history (including unhealthy conditions or risky heath habits such as scalp lice, smoking, failure to take prescribed medication, specific non-compliance issues and events, etc.) A client’s history is usually reflective of trends and may offer valuable hints about what to expect in the future.

Subjective Information: It is important that you chart any subjective information. Document what you hear, what the client says, what the caregivers say, comments to you about how they feel, feelings of anxiety or depression, etc. Use direct quotes and place quotation marks around the quote. Chart a client’s refusal to allow a treatment or take a medication. Be sure to report this to your immediate supervisor and the client’s physician and document your calls.

Objective Information: Chart your observations, what do you see, vital signs, hard data such as any and all assessment information. It is especially important to document changes in health status such as the emergence of a productive cough, difficulty in breathing or changes in vital signs from their baseline. Did you address: mental status, functional status, mobility, cognitive ability, speech? Oftentimes when you are in the home every day you forget that the people reading your notes do not know the client so you need to show them on paper.

Interventions: Document any actions that you did in response to any of your observations and the client’s response to your actions. These responses to your interventions are commonly called client outcomes. Chart the time you gave a medication, the route you gave it and the client’s response. If a medication is a PRN, chart the reason it was given and the client’s response to the medication (did it give the desired effect). Chart precautions, preventive measures used as well as any safety measures enacted, such as bed rails.

Client outcomes: Chart the client’s response to your interventions, including those that are deviations from what you expected. For example: if a client is in pain, observe and document how that pain is experienced both objectively (what you see) and subjectively (what you hear). Record where the pain is and the level of intensity or severity (use a pain scale to do that). Record the medication and the backrub you give to relieve the pain and whether or not those actions were effective, i.e., did the pain persist, recur, or go away?

Document the client, family member or significant other’s actual response (verbal or non-verbal) to any aspect of care provided even if you were not the one providing it. Doing so indicates that you have evaluated the results of care. It is perfectly acceptable to chart the client’s verbal responses in the record as long as you use quotation (“) marks. Non-verbal responses should be described in as much detail as possible.

Make sure your documentation reflects the nursing process and your professional capabilities. Chart completely, concisely and accurately (“Tell it like it is.”). Write clear sentences that get right to the point. Use simple, precise words. Don’t be afraid to use the word “I.”

Be sure to record your full name, credentials and job title in the required section on documentation forms. Some forms will ask you to record your initials as well. Your signature must be in cursive writing so a word of final caution: do take the time to sign your name legibly.

Beyond The Basics

Client Education and Instruction: Other information that needs to be recorded in the medical record includes any education or instructions you give to the client, his family or significant other. Anytime there is a new medication or treatment the client, family member and other personnel must be educated and informed. Documentation of these actions is required. Include the fact that you informed the client/caregiver of the new order; chart the education of dosage, actions, side effects and schedule; chart that you made changes on the medication administration record or task sheets (if applicable); chart how you were able to communicate the new orders to other nursing personnel responsible for the client’s care, document your communications regarding the new orders to the office.

Check Off Sheets: In some instances a preprinted, standardized check off form may be used where all you have to do is check off or initial what you have done. The only time you may have to write any notes is when something is specific or unique to this particular client, something that can’t be included on a standardized check off form. Remember: if you do not check off items, it means that legally the care was not done.

Phone Calls: We don’t often think about phone calls, but they can contain certain information for which we have obligations such as advice that we may give to a client or a phone order that we may take from a doctor. To protect yourself in these kinds of phone conversations, a detailed summary of your conversations is charted in the client record.

Details of each call should include:

  1.  Date and time of the call
  2. Caller’s name, position or credentials, call back phone number and address
  3. Reason for the call, request, complaint
  4. Your response to the call, advice you gave, protocol you followed (if applicable)
  5. Others that you notified as a result of the call
  6. Your name and credentials
  7. If taking doctor’s orders, transcription of the orders word for word and documentation that you read the orders back for verification.

More Do’s to Make Charting Successful

  • Chart as soon as possible after giving care; don’t wait to chart until the end of your work day. Chart often enough to tell the whole story.
  • If you remember an important point after you’ve completed your documentation, chart the information with a notation that it’s a “late entry.” Include the date and time of the late entry.
  • Chart all of the details relating to visits by physicians or other members of the health care team such as the teacher, therapist, case worker, dietician, social worker, etc. Describe the purpose of the visit, the name of the visitor, the time spent with the client and the outcome of the visit.
  • If you don’t give a medication, circle the time and document the reason for the omission.
  • If information on a form such as a flow sheet doesn’t apply to your client, write NA (not applicable) in the space provided.
  • Use only commonly used or approved abbreviations and symbols. Refer to the procedure manual for a list of approved abbreviations. When in doubt spell out the words. Remember many medications have similar names but very different actions.
  • When documentation continues from one page to the next, sign the bottom of the first page. At the top of the next page, write the date, time and “continued from previous page.” Make sure each page contains the client’s identifying information, date and year.
  • Re-read your documentation. You need to paint a picture of the client. Pretend you know nothing about the client. Then read your notes and see if your notes are capable of making you see the client as he/she really is.

-By Janet Fulfs, President

Note: First published on American Home Health's news, October 2011.

SLOWER THAN MOLASSES IN JANUARY – Nursing Talk

Nursing Talk

Dear Cassandra,

A month ago I received an e-mail from Human Resources asking me to fax a copy of my current nursing license. Two weeks later HR left a message on my voice mail reminding me to fax the copy of the license. Yesterday I received a letter telling me that my personnel file is not in compliance with DSCC and IDPH rules because it does not contain a copy of the nursing license. HR has verified my license on the Illinois Department of Financial and Professional Regulation Web site. I’ve been busy. What’s the big hurry?

In Slow Motion in Matteson

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Dear In Slow Motion,

One day you get your mail out of the mailbox. Sandwiched between the Value Pack Coupons and the free note pad from the Nature Conservancy is a letter from the Illinois Department of Revenue. You filed your tax return by April 15, and it is now July. You were expecting a refund of $72.00, but you don’t recall ever receiving it. This must be the refund. Instead, it is a request for a copy of your real estate tax bill. If you supply the document, the State of Illinois will allow your real estate tax credit and send the refund of $72.00. If not, you owe $143.00. That gets your attention. The next day you make a copy of the real estate tax bill and mail it to the state. Your refund arrives several weeks later.

Maybe you are looking through your mail, and you discover a letter from the Internal Revenue Service, the big boys. Your heart stops. They want proof that you, not your ex-husband, have the right to claim your three children as dependents. If you send the documentation by the deadline, all is well. If not, you owe $7,800. Faster than ice melting on a sidewalk in August, you gather the documentation and mail it to the IRS. Whew! You just saved $7,800.

In business, the concept of responding quickly to key business matters is called having a sense of urgency. The customer expects and appreciates prompt, efficient service. A sense of urgency is a process of treating key business or personal matters as if one’s life depended on it. It is a determination to stay focused on results and deadlines until the task is completed. A sense of urgency is common to highly productive people, companies, and countries.

What if you were trying to get a mortgage or rent an apartment? The lender or apartment manager faxes a verification of employment and income to your employer. Your application will not be processed without that information. Do you want your employer to take a month to respond?

When you don’t respond to simple requests from your employer, you are disrespecting your employer. You are making the staff waste valuable time contacting you again and again. You are inviting trouble in an audit because your personnel file is not in compliance with DSCC and IDPH regulations.

It’s time to adjust your attitude. Resolve to respond promptly to requests. Your money or your livelihood may depend on it.

—Cassandra

Note: First published on American Home Health's news, April 2011.